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Two kinds of MAID are permitted in Canada, outside of Quebec. The first is when a physician or nurse practitioner directly administers a substance that causes the death of the person who has requested it (“medical assistance in dying”). The second is when a physician or nurse practitioner gives or prescribes to a patient a substance that the patient can self-administer to cause their own death (“self-administered medical assistance in dying,” sometimes referred to as “assisted suicide”). NB: it is worth noting that the latter term, “assisted suicide,” is a stigmatizing expression that should be avoided.

In Quebec, only a physician can administer medication and cannot, under any circumstances, delegate this act to another person, whether they are a resident or a nurse.

Self-administered MAID is illegal in Quebec, but is legal in the rest of Canada.