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If you meet the eligibility criteria, the physician who is in charge of your case and who does not want to provide this final treatment, for whatever reason, is within his or her rights. This person does, however, have an ethical obligation to refer you to another physician who will be ready to deal with your case.

According to the Collège des médecins du Québec, “the physician who receives a request for MAID is therefore required to respond to it with professionalism, whatever his or her personal convictions may be. However, under certain conditions, the physician is not required to participate in the MAID process if his or her personal convictions, of a moral or religious nature, prevent him or her from doing so. Whatever the physician’s decision may be, it must be recorded in the patient’s file.” 

– Guide d’exercice et lignes directrices pharmacologiques, Collège des médecins du Québec, updated in November 2017.


In accordance with the Code of ethics of physicians, a physician may refuse to administer MAID, but he or she must ensure the continuity of care provided to the patient. The physician must therefore immediately notify relevant authorities, who will be responsible for finding a physician willing to take on the application.