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The September 11, 2019, judgment rendered by Justice Baudouin of the Superior Court of Quebec states that both the “end of life” term used in Quebec law and the “reasonably foreseeable natural death” term listed in criteria for access to MAID are unconstitutional, due to the Supreme Court judgment made February 6, 2015.

Since then and since the March 17, 2021, Criminal Code amendment, the conditions are as follows:

In a nutshell, a patient requesting MAID must meet all other legal criteria but does not need to be at the end of their life. Furthermore, neither Quebec law nor federal law specify a time limit. For instance, a patient with advanced rheumatoid arthritis that will not cause their death within the next two to five years might still be eligible for MAID if all other criteria are met.